Richard Mainwaring

Publication Details

  • THE EFFECT OF HEART-RATE ON INUTERO LEFT-VENTRICULAR OUTPUT IN THE FETAL SHEEP JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON Anderson, P. A., GLICK, K. L., KILLAM, A. P., Mainwaring, R. D. 1986; 372: 557-573

    Abstract:

    The effect of heart rate on left ventricular output was examined in seven fetal lambs at ages of 128 to 140 gestational days. The fetuses had been surgically instrumented at least 4 days previously with an ascending aortic flow probe, left ventricular dimension transducers, and left and right atrial pacing electrodes. Natural variations in heart rate of the lambs taken as a group correlated positively with left ventricular output, and negatively with ventricular end-diastolic dimension and stroke volume (P less than 0.0001). Rate did not affect output with right atrial pacing. With left atrial pacing, it correlated negatively with output (P less than 0.0001). At both pacing sites, rate correlated negatively with end-diastolic dimension and stroke volume (P less than 0.0001). The introduction of a longer interval during each pacing rate circumvented the rate-related changes in dimension and allowed the ventricle to fill to the same end-diastolic dimension. The systole at the end of the longer interval had a greater stroke volume than the preceding systoles. The faster the preceding paced rate, the greater was the stroke volume (P less than 0.0001). This study demonstrates that experimentally induced variations in heart rate produce changes in end-diastolic volume and contractility which prominently affect stroke volume. Over a broad range of rates, however, the effect of rate on left ventricular output is either negative or absent. With naturally occurring rate changes, there are additional changes in contractility and venous return which affect stroke volume. These combine to produce a positive relation between heart rate and left ventricular output. These effects of heart rate on output are qualitatively similar to those described for the adult animal.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1986A551000033

    View details for PubMedID 3723419

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