William Clusin, MD

Publication Details

  • Spatial heterogeneity of calcium transient alternans during the early phase of myocardial ischemia in the blood-perfused rabbit heart CIRCULATION Qian, Y. W., Clusin, W. T., Lin, S. F., Han, J., Sung, R. J. 2001; 104 (17): 2082-2087


    Optical mapping of cytosolic calcium transients in intact mammalian hearts is now possible using long-wavelength [Ca(2+)](i) indicators. We propose that beat-to-beat [Ca(2+)](i) transient alternans during ischemia may lead to spatial and temporal heterogeneity of calcium-activated membrane currents.To test this hypothesis, isolated rabbit hearts were loaded with the fluorescent [Ca(2+)](i) indicator, rhod-2 AM, and imaged at 300 frames/sec during blood-perfused ischemic trials. High-quality [Ca(2+)](i) transients were recorded in each of 8 hearts.[Ca(2+)](i) transient alternans was never present in control records but occurred in each of the hearts during ischemia, with onset after 2 to 4 minutes. Alternans was confined to circumscribed regions of the heart surface 5 to 15 mm across. Multiple regions of alternans were found in most hearts, and regions that were out of phase with one another were found in 6 hearts. Quantitative maps of alternans were constructed by calculating an alternans ratio. This ratio behaved as a continuous variable that reached a maximum value in the center of the regions with alternans.These results demonstrate marked spatial heterogeneity of the [Ca(2+)](i) transient during the early phase of ischemia, which could produce electrical instability and arrhythmias in large mammalian hearts.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000171828800019

    View details for PubMedID 11673350

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