Michael S. B. Edwards M.D.

Publication Details

  • THE PROLIFERATIVE POTENTIAL OF HUMAN EPENDYMOMAS MEASURED BY INSITU BROMODEOXYURIDINE LABELING CANCER Nagashima, T., Hoshino, T., Cho, K. G., Edwards, M. S., Hudgins, R. J., Davis, R. L. 1988; 61 (12): 2433-2438

    Abstract:

    Twelve patients with ependymomas received a 30- to 60-minute intravenous infusion of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), 150 to 200 mg/m2 at surgery, to label tumor cells in the DNA synthesis phase. Labeled cells were detected in excised tumor specimens by indirect immunoperoxidase staining using anti-BrdU monoclonal antibody as the first antibody. The BrdU labeling index (LI, defined as the percentage of labeled cells in relation to the total number of cells scored) was calculated for each specimen. All four spinal cord ependymomas had a BrdU LI of less than 1%, which is consistent with our clinical experience that most such tumors grow slowly and have an excellent prognosis. Five of the eight intracranial ependymomas also had a low BrdU LI of approximately 1% or less, and three had a BrdU LI of 3.2%, 3.4%, and 4.8%. The latter three tumors, only one of which was diagnosed as a malignant ependymoma at the time of study, were either recurrent or recurred within 2 years after gross or subtotal removal. Cytologic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was performed in five cases; CSF seeding of tumor cells was found in only one patient, who had a malignant ependymoma. A high BrdU LI did not always correlate with CSF seeding. Measurement of the LI using BrdU and anti-BrdU monoclonal antibodies can provide more accurate information on the proliferative potential of individual tumors and may lead to a more rational grading system of ependymomas. The results of such studies do not always predict the potential for CSF seeding.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1988N713000006

    View details for PubMedID 3284636

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