Gary K. Steinberg, MD, PhD

Publication Details

  • PRETREATMENT WITH THE NMDA ANTAGONIST DEXTROPHAN REDUCES CEREBRAL INJURY FOLLOWING TRANSIENT FOCAL ISCHEMIA IN RABBITS BRAIN RESEARCH Steinberg, G. K., Saleh, J., Delapaz, R., Kunis, D., Zarnegar, S. R. 1989; 497 (2): 382-386

    Abstract:

    We studied the efficacy of systemic pre-treatment with dextrorphan (DX), a clinically tested N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist, in a rabbit model of transient focal cerebral ischemia. Rabbits were treated with either a 24 mg/kg i.v. loading dose followed by 12 mg/kg/h i.v. infusion of 0.48% DX in normal saline (NS), or with an equivalent volume of NS alone. One and 1/2 h after starting the drug or NS, the rabbits underwent a 1 h occlusion of the left internal carotid and anterior cerebral arteries, followed by 4 h of reperfusion. The DX-treated rabbits had significantly less neocortical ischemic neuronal damage (7.4%) than the normal saline group (31.6%) and demonstrated a significant decrease in ischemic cortical edema. DX may prove useful in the treatment of clinical cerebrovascular disease.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1989AR53400022

    View details for PubMedID 2684345

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