Gerald Reaven, MD

Publication Details

  • RESISTANCE TO INSULIN-STIMULATED GLUCOSE-UPTAKE IN ADIPOCYTES ISOLATED FROM SPONTANEOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RATS DIABETES Reaven, G. M., Chang, H., Hoffman, B. B., Azhar, S. 1989; 38 (9): 1155-1160

    Abstract:

    The ability of insulin to stimulate glucose uptake and inhibit catecholamine-induced lipolysis was measured in adipocytes of similar size isolated from SHR and WKY rats. The results indicate that glucose transport was decreased in adipocytes from SHR rats; both basal (19 +/- 2 vs. 32 +/- 2 fmol.cell-1.s-1, P less than .001) and maximal (207 +/- 30 vs. 373 +/- 20 fmol.cell-1.s-1, P less than .01) insulin-stimulated glucose transport were lower in SHR than in WKY rats. In addition, the EC50 of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake was higher (921 +/- 82 vs. 557 +/- 69 pM insulin, P less than .05) in adipocytes from SHR rats than from WKY rats. The ability of phenylisopropyladenosine (PIA) to modulate basal and maximal insulin-stimulated glucose uptake was compared in adipocytes from SHR and WKY rats. These results also demonstrated that glucose uptake was decreased in adipocytes from SHR rats and that PIA similarly enhanced both basal and maximal insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes from both groups. Although maximal isoproterenol-stimulated lipolysis was decreased in adipocytes from SHR rats, the ability of insulin to inhibit catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis was at least as great in adipocytes from SHR as from WKY rats. Despite the decrease in insulin-stimulated glucose transport in isolated adipocytes from SHR rats, total number of insulin receptors, their affinity for insulin, and the ability of insulin to stimulate receptor-associated tyrosine kinase activity were similar in adipocytes from SHR and WKY rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    View details for Web of Science ID A1989AN36100013

    View details for PubMedID 2670644

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