Lucy Tompkins

Publication Details

  • GENETIC, IMMUNOLOGICAL, AND CYTO-TOXIC COMPARISONS OF LEGIONELLA PROTEOLYTIC ACTIVITIES INFECTION AND IMMUNITY Quinn, F. D., KEEN, M. G., Tompkins, L. S. 1989; 57 (9): 2719-2725

    Abstract:

    Several strains of Legionella pneumophila and other species of Legionella with proteolytic activities were compared by assays, including Southern hybridizations and Western immunoblots, to determine their proteolytic, hemolytic, and cytotoxic activities. Only proteases from strains of L. pneumophila were both hemolytic and cytotoxic, and proteolytic activities extracted from other species of Legionella possessed only hemolytic activity. A 4.0-kilobase DNA sequence encoding the 38-kilodalton metalloprotease from L. pneumophila Philadelphia 1 that we showed previously was responsible for the observed hemolytic and cytotoxic phenotypes (F. D. Quinn and L. S. Tompkins, Mol. Microbiol., 3:797-805, 1989) was used in Southern hybridizations to probe chromosomal DNA from several strains of L. pneumophila and other Legionella species. The probe hybridized to the chromosomal DNA of all serogroups of L. pneumophila but not to any strains of L. dumoffii, L. micdadei, L. feeleii, or L. jordanis that we examined. Additionally, Western immunoblots done with rabbit antisera made to the cloned L. pneumophila protease demonstrated cross-reactions among 38-kilodalton proteins from strains of L. pneumophila, but no reactions were observed with proteins from other species of Legionella. Similarly, the cloned protease from L. pneumophila reacted with convalescent-phase sera from patients infected with L. pneumophila, but not with antisera isolated from patients infected with other Legionella species. Thus, despite some similarities among the proteolytic activities of members of the genus Legionella, including proteolytic and hemolytic phenotypes, metal requirements for zinc or iron, sensitivity to EDTA, and temperature and pH optima, we documented distinct genetic, immunological, and cytotoxicity differences among the proteolytic activities produced by Legionella species.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1989AL70400019

    View details for PubMedID 2668184

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