Neville H. Golden M.D.

Publication Details

  • PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE IN ADOLESCENTS JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS Golden, N., Neuhoff, S., Cohen, H. 1989; 114 (1): 138-143

    Abstract:

    Clinical, laboratory, and sonographic data were collected prospectively from 100 female adolescents hospitalized with acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The endocervical isolation rates for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae were 44.7% and 36.4%, respectively. In comparison with adolescents with chlamydia-associated PID, those with gonococcus-associated PID had a shorter duration of pain before admission (p less than 0.05), higher mean maximum temperatures (p less than 0.01), and higher leukocyte counts (p less than 0.01). Pelvic ultrasound studies showed adnexal enlargement or tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) in 85.2% of the patients. Of the 88 adolescents in whom adequate sonograms were obtained, 17 (19.3%) had TOA. In 12 of the 17 adolescents, the abscesses were identified sonographically before being diagnosed clinically. With clinical criteria alone, only the leukocyte count and prior history of PID differed significantly between those with TOA and those with uncomplicated PID. These findings support a more liberal use of pelvic ultrasound studies in teenagers with PID. Our high detection rate of C. trachomatis and the difficulty in predicting the cause of the infection in an individual patient support treating all adolescents with PID with agents effective against both C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1989R726600025

    View details for PubMedID 2642549

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