Philip Sunshine

Publication Details

  • DIETARY CHO AND STIMULATION OF CARBOHYDRASES ALONG VILLUS COLUMN OF FASTED RAT JEJUNUM AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY Morrill, J. S., Kwong, L. K., Sunshine, P., Briggs, G. M., Castillo, R. O., TSUBOI, K. K. 1989; 256 (1): G158-G165

    Abstract:

    Adult rats when fed a high carbohydrate diet of 70% sucrose or glucose for 24 h following a 4-day fast showed increased concentrations of intestinal sucrase-isomaltase (EC 3.2.1.48, EC 3.2.1.10) and maltase-glucoamylase (EC 3.2.1.20) but not lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (EC 3.2.1.23, EC 3.2.1.62). The concentration increases of these enzymes were accompanied by corresponding acceleration of their synthesis rates. Contrary to earlier studies by others, suggesting that upper villus cells in the fasted intestine are unresponsive to stimulation of sucrase activity by refeeding a high-sucrose diet, the concentration increases of both sucrase-isomaltase and maltase-glucoamylase were seen to occur in cells all along the length of the villus column. The earlier studies differed from the present study by basing enzyme assays relative to protein rather than the DNA content of villus cell fractions. We have shown that villus cells increase their protein content severalfold while migrating to villus tip, providing the basis for the difference between earlier and the present findings. Further evidence that stimulation of sucrase-isomaltase and maltase-glucoamylase by high carbohydrate is not restricted to the crypt and lower villus region was obtained by the finding that their synthesis rates appeared to be equally stimulated along the length of the villus column.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1989R955100077

    View details for PubMedID 2492155

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