Lawrence Steinman

Publication Details

  • MULTIPLE T-CELL AND B-CELL EPITOPES IN THE S1 SUBUNIT (A-MONOMER) OF THE PERTUSSIS TOXIN MOLECULE JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY Oksenberg, J. R., Ko, C., Judd, A. K., Lim, M., Kent, A., SCHOOLNIK, G. K., Steinman, L. 1989; 143 (12): 4227-4231

    Abstract:

    The immunogenicity and reactogenicity of Bordetella pertussis vaccine are mediated in part by the S1 subunit of pertussis toxin (PT). To identify the immune epitopes in the S1 subunit of PT, synthetic peptides were prepared and tested for their capacity to induce antibodies in mice with different MHC genotypes. In BALB/c mice, peptides corresponding to sequences 1-17, 70-82 and 189-199 generate T cell proliferative responses, induce the production of antibodies capable of neutralization of the toxin in the Chinese hamster ovary-cell assay, and protect mice from a shock-like syndrome caused by alternate injections of BSA and PT. Protection and neutralization correlated with the ability of these peptides to elicit high anti-PT titers. Different B cell epitopes were detected in other inbred mouse strains. The antibody reactivity against synthetic peptides from two infants vaccinated with pertussis vaccine was tested. These infants had antibodies reactive to a variety of epitopes in the S1 subunit, including peptides 1-17, 70-82, 99-112, 135-145, and 189-199. Thus, it appears that there are multiple T and B cell epitopes in the S1 subunit of PT.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1989CD70600054

    View details for PubMedID 2480389

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