Peter J. Koltai MD, FACS, FAAP

Publication Details

  • EARLY COMPLICATIONS OF AIRWAY MANAGEMENT IN HEAD-INJURED PATIENTS LARYNGOSCOPE Lanza, D. C., Parnes, S. M., Koltai, P. J., Fortune, J. B. 1990; 100 (9): 958-961

    Abstract:

    Head-injured patients are frequently young, healthy individuals whose excellent medical condition is suddenly altered by trauma. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the early complications of airway management which occur in head-injured patients and to determine if these are different from what has been reported in patients with chronic illnesses (i.e., diabetes, atherosclerosis, or immunosuppression). Chart review of 52 head-injured patients reveals an early complication rate of 61% for endotracheal intubation and 20% for tracheotomy. Discriminant analysis shows that increasing duration of intubation is the most significant factor in predicting airway management complications (P less than 0.008). The incidence of complications seen in head-injured patients is similar to that of the chronically ill. Complications of endotracheal intubation are judged to be more severe than those of tracheotomy. Data from this study supports the early tracheotomy of severely head-injured patients who are likely to require prolonged airway management.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1990DW72100009

    View details for PubMedID 2395405

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