Randall Stafford

Publication Details

  • Short-term weight loss patterns, baseline predictors, and longer-term follow-up within a randomized controlled trial OBESITY Yank, V., Xiao, L., Wilson, S. R., Stafford, R. S., Rosas, L. G., Ma, J. 2014; 22 (1): 45-51

    Abstract:

    OBJECTIVE: To examine weight loss patterns and predictors among participants in a primary care-based translation study of the Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle intervention. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cluster analysis identified short-term (12-week) weight loss patterns among 72 intervention participants. Analysis of variance assessed cluster differences in weight loss maintenance at 15-month follow-up. Discriminant analysis identified baseline characteristics that best differentiated between clusters. RESULTS: Participants had baseline mean (SD) age of 55.0 (10.8) years and BMI of 31.9 (5.2) kg/m(2) . Cluster analysis identified three short-term weight loss patterns: modest (n=15; 21%), moderate-and-steady (n=43; 60%), and substantial-and-early (n=14; 19%). Only participants with the latter two patterns achieved clinically significant (≥ 5%) short-term weight loss and maintained it at 15 months. On discriminant analysis, the modest cluster was most differentiated from other clusters by high friend encouragement for dietary change, high obesity-related problems, and low physical well-being. The moderate-and-steady cluster was differentiated by lower physical activity, family encouragement, and depression symptoms. CONCLUSION: Results provide insight into the heterogeneity of response to an effective lifestyle intervention by identifying short-term weight loss patterns and their baseline predictors and relationship to 15-month success. If replicated, results may help tailor strategies for participant subgroups in weight loss programs.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/oby.20510

    View details for Web of Science ID 000329613600011

    View details for PubMedID 23740619

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