Christian Guilleminault

Publication Details

  • Vascular endothelial dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KARDIOLOGIE Duchna, H. W., Guilleminault, C., Stoohs, R. A., Orth, M., de Zeeuw, J., Schultze-Werninghaus, G., Rasche, K. 2001; 90 (8): 568-575

    Abstract:

    Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is frequently associated with cardiovascular disease. We investigated endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatory function in normotensive patients with OSAS using the hand vein compliance technique.Dose-response curves to the endothelium-dependent vasodilator bradykinin were obtained in 23 male subjects with OSAS and 12 male control subjects of comparable age, height, and weight.Mean (+/- SD) maximum dilation (Emax) to bradykinin was significantly lower in OSAS patients than in controls (59.8 +/- 26.0 vs. 94.8 +/- 9.5%, p < 0.0001). Mean vasodilation with nitroglycerin was not diminished in the OSAS group (90.7 +/- 30.5 vs. 100.3 +/- 12.9% in controls; n.s.). In 11 OSAS patients, a follow-up investigation was performed after at least 2 months of treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP): Emax to bradykinin rose from 54.5 +/- 19.2% to 111.5 +/- 25.1% after treatment (p < 0.001). Mean vasodilation to nitroglycerin was unchanged.These results suggest that endothelium-dependent nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation is impaired in patients with OSAS due to an impaired function in the endothelial cells. This impairment is reversible with CPAP treatment.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000170791000005

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