David K. Stevenson, M.D.

Publication Details

  • MORTALITY OF METALLOPORPHYRIN-TREATED NEONATAL RATS AFTER LIGHT EXPOSURE DEVELOPMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS Hintz, S. R., Vreman, H. J., Stevenson, D. K. 1990; 14 (3): 187-192

    Abstract:

    Tin protoporphyrin (SnPP) has been used to suppress hyperbilirubinemia in human neonates through inhibition of heme oxygenase. Some of the subjects exhibited mild erythema upon receiving phototherapy. SnPP and three proposed alternatives, tin mesoporphyrin (SnMP), zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP) and zinc mesoporphyrin (ZnMP) are potential photosensitizers. We therefore studied the phototoxic effects of these compounds in the neonatal rat model. Fed Wistar rats (24-36 h old) were injected intraperitoneally with up to 40 mumol SnPP/kg body weight, 30 mumol SnMP/kg body weight, 60 mumol ZnPP/kg body weight, or 45 mumol ZnMP/kg body weight. The animals were placed over cool white light (20 microW/cm2/nm) for 12 h. Light exposure resulted in SnPP dose-dependent mortality, and the LD50 was determined to be 11.7 mumol/kg body weight. No deaths were observed in pups treated with up to 20 mumol SnMP/kg; treatment with 30 mumol SnMP/kg resulted in a 40% mortality rate. No fatalities were observed among the light-exposed ZnPP- or ZnMP-treated pups. No deaths were observed among control pups treated with the highest metalloporphyrin doses and kept in the dark; similarly, no mortality was observed in untreated light-exposed control animals. We conclude that (1) SnPP and SnMP are potentially fatal phototoxic substances in the neonatal rat; (2) ZnPP and ZnMP may be safer drugs for neonatal rats receiving light exposure, and (3) further studies are needed to fully assess the photobiological hazards of metalloporphyrin administration to humans.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1990DG27100006

    View details for PubMedID 2364856

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