David N. Cornfield

Publication Details

  • Effects of oxidant stress on inflammation and survival of iNOS knockout mice after marrow transplantation AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LUNG CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY Yang, S. X., Porter, V. A., Cornfield, D. N., Milla, C., Panoskaltsis-Mortari, A., Blazar, B. R., Haddad, I. Y. 2001; 281 (4): L922-L930


    In a model of idiopathic pneumonia syndrome after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), injection of allogeneic T cells induces nitric oxide (.NO), and the addition of cyclophosphamide (Cy) generates superoxide (O.) and a tissue-damaging nitrating oxidant. We hypothesized that.NO and O. balance are major determinants of post-BMT survival and inflammation. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) deletional mutant mice (-/-) given donor bone marrow and spleen T cells (BMS) exhibited improved survival compared with matched BMS controls. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluids obtained on day 7 post-BMT from iNOS(-/-) BMS mice contained less tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interferon-gamma, indicating that.NO stimulated the production of proinflammatory cytokines. However, despite suppressed inflammation and decreased nitrotyrosine staining, iNOS(-/-) mice given both donor T cells and Cy (BMS + Cy) died earlier than iNOS-sufficient BMS + Cy mice. Alveolar macrophages from iNOS(-/-) BMS + Cy mice did not produce.NO but persisted to generate strong oxidants as assessed by the oxidation of the intracellular fluorescent probe 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin. We concluded that.NO amplifies T cell-dependent inflammation and addition of Cy exacerbates.NO-dependent mortality. However, the lack of.NO during Cy-induced oxidant stress decreases survival of T cell-recipient mice, most likely by generation of.NO-independent toxic oxidants.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000171020400019

    View details for PubMedID 11557596

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