Lawrence Steinman

Publication Details

  • Amyloid Fibrils Composed of Hexameric Peptides Attenuate Neuroinflammation SCIENCE TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE Kurnellas, M. P., Adams, C. M., Sobel, R. A., Steinman, L., Rothbard, J. B. 2013; 5 (179)

    Abstract:

    The amyloid-forming proteins tau, ?B crystallin, and amyloid P protein are all found in lesions of multiple sclerosis (MS). Our previous work established that amyloidogenic peptides from the small heat shock protein ?B crystallin (HspB5) and from amyloid ? fibrils, characteristic of Alzheimer's disease, were therapeutic in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), reflecting aspects of the pathology of MS. To understand the molecular basis for the therapeutic effect, we showed a set of amyloidogenic peptides composed of six amino acids, including those from tau, amyloid ? A4, major prion protein (PrP), HspB5, amylin, serum amyloid P, and insulin B chain, to be anti-inflammatory and capable of reducing serological levels of interleukin-6 and attenuating paralysis in EAE. The chaperone function of the fibrils correlates with the therapeutic outcome. Fibrils composed of tau 623-628 precipitated 49 plasma proteins, including apolipoprotein B-100, clusterin, transthyretin, and complement C3, supporting the hypothesis that the fibrils are active biological agents. Amyloid fibrils thus may provide benefit in MS and other neuroinflammatory disorders.

    View details for DOI 10.1126/scitranslmed.3005681

    View details for Web of Science ID 000317037000005

    View details for PubMedID 23552370

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