Pejman Ghanouni

Publication Details

  • Respiration based steering for high intensity focused ultrasound liver ablation. Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine Holbrook, A. B., Ghanouni, P., Santos, J. M., Dumoulin, C., Medan, Y., Pauly, K. B. 2013


    PURPOSE: Respiratory motion makes hepatic ablation using high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFO) challenging. Previous HIFU liver treatment had required apnea induced during general anesthesia. We describe and test a system that allows treatment of the liver in the presence of breathing motion. METHODS: Mapping a signal from an external respiratory bellow to treatment locations within the liver allows the ultrasound transducer to be steered in real time to the target location. Using a moving phantom, three metrics were used to compare static, steered, and unsteered sonications: the area of sonications once a temperature rise of 15°C was achieved, the energy deposition required to reach that temperature, and the average rate of temperature rise during the first 10 s of sonication. Steered HIFU in vivo ablations of the porcine liver were also performed and compared to breath-hold ablations. RESULTS: For the last phantom metric, all groups were found to be statistically significantly different (P ? 0.003). However, in the other two metrics, the static and unsteered sonications were not statistically different (P > 0.9999). Steered in vivo HIFU ablations were not statistically significantly different from ablations during breath-holding. CONCLUSIONS: A system for performing HIFU steering during ablation of the liver with breathing motion is presented and shown to achieve results equivalent to ablation performed with breath-holding. Magn Reson Med 000:000-000, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

    View details for PubMedID 23460510

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