Alice Liu

Publication Details

  • Is measurement of non-HDL cholesterol an effective way to identify the metabolic syndrome? Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD Liu, A., Reaven, G. M. 2013


    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been shown to predict coronary heart disease (CHD). Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) is also known to predict CHD, and recent evidence indicated non-HDL-C was able to predict MetS in adolescents. The study aim was to determine whether non-HDL-C serves as a useful metabolic marker for MetS in adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fasting non-HDL-C measurements were obtained in 366 non-diabetic adults not on lipid-lowering therapy. In addition to traditional non-HDL-C cut-points based on Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines, receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was used to identify an optimal cut-point for predicting MetS. A secondary goal was to assess the relationship between non-HDL-C and insulin resistance, defined as the upper tertile of steady-state plasma glucose concentrations measured during the insulin suppression test. Prevalence of MetS was 40% among participants. Those with MetS had higher mean non-HDL-C (4.17 ± 1.0 vs 3.70 ± 0.85 mmol/L, p < 0.001), and the upper vs lower tertile of non-HDL-C concentrations was associated with 1.8-fold increased odds of MetS (p < 0.05). Traditional non-HDL-C cut-points ?4.14 and ?4.92 mmol/L demonstrated respective sensitivities 46% and 24% (specificities 72% and 89%) for identifying MetS. The optimal non-HDL-C cut-point ?4.45 mmol/L had sensitivity 39% (specificity 82%). Comparable results were observed when non-HDL-C was used to identify insulin resistance. CONCLUSION: While MetS was associated with increased non-HDL-C, an effective non-HDL-C threshold to predict MetS in adults was not identified. Dyslipidemic nuances may explain why non-HDL-C may be less useful as a metabolic marker for MetS and/or insulin resistance than for CHD.

    View details for PubMedID 23352957

Stanford Medicine Resources:

Footer Links: