John S. Oghalai

Publication Details

  • Cochlear implant electrode misplacement: Incidence, evaluation, and management LARYNGOSCOPE Ying, Y. M., Lin, J. W., Oghalai, J. S., Williamson, R. A. 2013; 123 (3): 757-766


    To review the presentation and management of improper electrode array placement, and to help guide clinical decision-making.Retrospective case series.Pediatric and adult cochlear implant patients managed from January 2001 to present whose electrode arrays were not placed properly within the cochlea or extended beyond the cochlea into the internal auditory canal or adjacent structures.Four patients, three pediatric and one adult, were identified from over 824 cases (< 1%) managed over the study duration. All cases had normal cochlear anatomy. These cases were initially identified due to poor auditory skill development or absent behavioral responses following implantation, which prompted imaging. Two patients presented several years after surgery. Sites of improper placement included the eustachian tube, vestibule, internal carotid artery canal, and internal auditory canal (IAC). Intraoperative findings and management are reviewed.Electrode array malpositioning is a rare, but serious and correctable complication in cochlear implant surgery. A multidisciplinary approach, including prompt audiologic evaluation and imaging, is important, particularly when benefit from the implant is limited or absent. Management of electrode arrays in the IAC may be more challenging.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/lary.23665

    View details for Web of Science ID 000315491000037

    View details for PubMedID 23299627

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