Kenneth L. Cox

Publication Details

  • Markers of Antigen Presentation and Activation on Eosinophils and T Cells in the Esophageal Tissue of Patients With Eosinophilic Esophagitis JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION Le-Carlson, M., Seki, S., Abarbanel, D., Quiros, A., Cox, K., Nadeau, K. C. 2013; 56 (3): 257-262

    Abstract:

    Evidence suggests eosinophils may be acting as antigen-presenting cells (APCs) by presenting antigen to T cells. We investigated the surface proteins of eosinophils and T cells in the esophageal biopsies of patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and healthy controls (HCs).: Subjects were categorized as EoE, GERD, or HC. In esophageal tissue, EG2+ eosinophils were stained for the APC markers, CD40 or CD80, via immunohistochemistry. CD3+ T cells were stained for costimulatory markers, CD40L or CD28, and for activation markers, CD69 or CD134, via immunofluorescence or immunohistochemistry.Eosinophils stained with CD40 and CD80. The number of EG2+CD40+ cells was increased in EoE (mean 19.1±14.8 cells/high-power field [HPF], n=11), compared with GERD (mean 0.13±0.19 cells/HPF, n=5, P<0.01) and HC (mean 0.3±0.7 cells/HPF, n=5, P<0.01). There was an elevation in EG2+CD80+ cells in EoE (mean 18.1±16.2 cells/HPF, n=10), GERD (mean 1.7±2.8 cells/HPF, n=6, P<0.01), or HC (mean 0.8±1.3 cells/HPF, n=6, P<0.01). CD3+ T cells stained with CD40L (not quantified). CD3+ T cells stained with CD28 at elevated levels in EoE (mean 14±8.7 cells/HPF, n=9) versus GERD (mean 3.3±1.2 cells/HPF, n=6, P<0.05) or HC (mean 3.0±3.2 cells/HPF, n=7, P<0.01). The number of CD3+CD69+ cells was highest in EoE (mean 14.8±7.5 cells/HPF, n=6) versus GERD (mean 0.8±0.9 cells/HPF, n=6, P<0.001) or HC (mean 2.7±2.5 cells/HPF, n=6, P<0.001).We show that esophageal eosinophils express CD40 and CD80, and T cells with CD40L, CD28, and CD69. The number of double-stained cells was higher in EoE in comparison to control groups. These data support the hypothesis that eosinophils in EoE may act as APCs, activating T cells.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182758d49

    View details for Web of Science ID 000315461400010

    View details for PubMedID 23059644

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