David N. Cornfield

Publication Details

  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon diol epoxides increase cytosolic Ca2+ of airway epithelial cells AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Jyonouchi, H., Sun, S. N., Porter, V. A., Cornfield, D. N. 2001; 25 (1): 78-83


    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) increase cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in lymphocytes and mammary epithelial cells, but little is known regarding their effects on [Ca(2+)](i) in airway epithelium. We hypothesized that benzo[a]pyrene (BP) and/or anti-7,8-dihydroxy-9,10-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (BPDE), a carcinogenic BP metabolite, increases [Ca(2+)](i) in untransformed human small airway epithelial (SAE) cells and that their effects on [Ca(2+)](i) are directly proportional to carcinogenicity. SAE [Ca(2+)](i) was determined by a ratiometric digital Ca(2+) imaging system. BPDE increased SAE [Ca(2+)](i) within 20 s in media with high (1 mM) and low (10 nM) Ca(2+) at a threshold concentration of 0.2 nM. Elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) persisted longer with high Ca(2+). Neither BP nor solvent altered [Ca(2+)](i). Thapsigargin and inositol 1,4,5- phosphate receptor (InsP(3)R) antagonists inhibited this BPDE action with low Ca(2+). We conclude that BPDE but not BP increases [Ca(2+)](i) partly by mobilizing Ca(2+) from cytosolic stores through an InsP(3)R. The most potent carcinogenic PAH diol epoxide increased in SAE [Ca(2+)](i) at the lowest threshold concentration, suggesting that carcinogenicity is directly proportional to the action of PAHs on SAE [Ca(2+)](i). Short-term exposure to BPDE 36 to 48 h before the study rendered SAE cells less sensitive to BPDE, suggesting that BPDE may also induce persistent changes in Ca(2+) signaling pathways.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000170221800013

    View details for PubMedID 11472978

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