Theresa Tacy

Publication Details

  • Systemic venous abnormalities: Embryologic and echocardiographic considerations ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY-A JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND AND ALLIED TECHNIQUES Tacy, T. A., Silverman, N. H. 2001; 18 (5): 401-413


    The echocardiographic diagnosis of systemic venous anomalies often is rendered difficult by the variety of lesions that exist. An understanding of the embryologic processes that result in these lesions is essential for accurate identification, since these lesions often are not obvious on routine echocardiographic examination. Standard echocardiographic views may demonstrate some lesions, whereas many require modified views to outline the abnormal systemic venous anatomy. This paper reviews the basic embryologic processes of the development of the normal and abnormal systemic venous system, as well as the echocardiographic identification of these major systemic venous malformations.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000170305600009

    View details for PubMedID 11466154

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