Jose G. Montoya

Publication Details

  • Antiviral therapy of two patients with chromosomally-integrated human herpesvirus-6A presenting with cognitive dysfunction JOURNAL OF CLINICAL VIROLOGY Montoya, J. G., Neely, M. N., Gupta, S., Lunn, M. R., Loomis, K. S., Pritchett, J. C., Polsky, B., Medveczky, P. G. 2012; 55 (1): 40-45

    Abstract:

    Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a neurotropic virus implicated in central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction, multiple sclerosis, seizures and encephalitis. Inherited or "chromosomally integrated" HHV-6 (CIHHV-6) is a condition characterized by high DNA loads and germ line transmission of HHV-6 genomes, which are integrated into the telomere.We previously reported that integrated HHV-6 can be reactivated by trichostatin A in vitro. Therefore, we hypothesized that a broad array of neurological symptoms of CIHHV-6 patients may respond to antiviral drug treatment.The patients have been treated with antiviral drugs and monitored for viral load, late mRNA, and clinical improvement.Antiviral therapy of two CIHHV patients resulted in successful clinical resolution. However, both patients relapsed on multiple occasions within 4-6 months of cessation of antiviral therapy.Successful antiviral drug treatment suggests that clinical symptoms of these patients were due to symptomatic reactivation of CIHHV-6. Alternatively, some CIHHV-6 patients may have a reduced resistance to community-acquired HHV-6 strains due to tolerance leading to persistent infections.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jcv.2012.05.016

    View details for Web of Science ID 000307997300009

    View details for PubMedID 22770640

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