Donald Schreiber

Publication Details

  • Therapy and outcomes in massive pulmonary embolism from the Emergency Medicine Pulmonary Embolism in the Real World Registry AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE Lin, B. W., Schreiber, D. H., Liu, G., Briese, B., Hiestand, B., Slattery, D., Kline, J. A., Goldhaber, S. Z., Pollack, C. V. 2012; 30 (9): 1774-1781

    Abstract:

    Clinical guidelines recommend fibrinolysis or embolectomy for acute massive pulmonary embolism (PE) (MPE). However, actual therapy and outcomes of emergency department (ED) patients with MPE have not previously been reported. We characterize the current management of ED patients with MPE in a US registry.A prospective, observational, multicenter registry of ED patients with confirmed PE was conducted from 2006 to 2008. Massive PE was defined as PE with an initial systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg. We compared inpatient and 30-day mortality, bleeding complications, and recurrent venous thromboembolism.Of 1875 patients enrolled, 58 (3.1%) had MPE. There was no difference in frequency of parenteral anticoagulation (98.3% [95% confidence interval {CI}, 90.5-101.6] vs 98.5% [95% CI, 97.9-99.1], P = .902) between patients with and without MPE. Fibrinolytic therapy and embolectomy were infrequently used but were used more in patients with MPE than in patients without MPE (12.1% [95% CI, 3.7-20.5] vs 2.4% [95% CI, 1.7-3.1], P < .001, and 3.4% [95% CI, 0.0-8.1] vs 0.7% [95% CI, 0.3-1.1], P = .022, respectively). Comparison of outcomes revealed higher all-cause inpatient mortality (13.8% [95% CI, 4.9-22.7] vs 3.0% [95% CI, 2.2-3.8], P < .001), higher risk of inpatient bleeding complications (10.3% [95% CI, 2.5-18.1] vs 3.5% [95% CI, 2.7-4.3], P = .007), and a higher 30-day mortality (14.0% [95% CI, 4.4-23.6] vs 1.8% [95% CI, 1.2-2.4], P < .001) for patients with MPE.In a contemporary registry of ED patients, MPE mortality was 4-fold higher than patients without MPE, yet only 12% of the MPE cohort received fibrinolytic therapy. Variability exists between the treatment of MPE and current recommendations.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ajem.2012.02.012

    View details for Web of Science ID 000311997600017

    View details for PubMedID 22633723

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