Yoon-Jae Cho

Publication Details

  • Epigenetic inactivation of the tumor suppressor BIN1 drives proliferation of SNF5-deficient tumors CELL CYCLE McKenna, E. S., Tamayo, P., Cho, Y., Tillman, E. J., Mora-Blanco, E. L., Sansam, C. G., Koellhoffer, E. C., Pomeroy, S. L., Roberts, C. W. 2012; 11 (10): 1956-1965

    Abstract:

    Emerging evidence demonstrates that subunits of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex are specifically mutated at high frequency in a variety of human cancer types. SNF5 (SMARCB1/INI1/BAF47), a core subunit of the SWI/SNF complex, is inactivated in the vast majority of rhabdoid tumors (RT), an aggressive type of pediatric cancer. SNF5-deficient cancers are diploid and genomically stable, suggesting that epigenetically based changes in transcription are key drivers of tumor formation caused by SNF5 loss. However, there is limited understanding of the target genes that drive cancer formation following SNF5 loss. Here we performed comparative expression analyses upon three independent SNF5-deficient cancer data sets from both human and mouse and identify downregulation of the BIN1 tumor suppressor as a conserved event in primary SNF5-deficient cancers. We show that SNF5 recruits the SWI/SNF complex to the BIN1 promoter, and that the marked reduction of BIN1 expression in RT correlates with decreased SWI/SNF occupancy. Functionally, we demonstrate that re-expression of BIN1 specifically compromises the proliferation of SNF5-deficient RT cell lines. Identification of BIN1 as a SNF5 target gene reveals a novel tumor suppressive regulatory mechanism whose disruption can drive cancer formation.

    View details for DOI 10.4161/cc.20280

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304039900021

    View details for PubMedID 22544318

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