Loretta Chou

Publication Details

  • Current Concepts Review: Intra-Articular Fractures of the Calcaneus FOOT & ANKLE INTERNATIONAL Epstein, N., Chandran, S., Chou, L. 2012; 33 (1): 79-86


    1) Intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus are associated with severe long-term consequences for function and pain. The condition of the soft tissues is of paramount importance when determining the method of treatment,the timing of surgery, and the post-injury rehabilitation.2) Intra-articular fractures are difficult to fully evaluate with plain radiographs. Computed tomography may assist in assessing the fracture pattern and planning for surgery. The likelihood of a good to excellent outcome is increased when an anatomic reduction is obtained.3) The outcome after operative management is difficult to characterize and appears to be influenced by factors related to the fracture, the patient, and the experience of the institution where the patient obtains treatment.All these factors should be factors in the decision to operate, but no single factor reliably determines the most appropriate treatment.4) Open reduction and internal fixation through an extensile approach achieves acceptable results in carefully selected patients. The use of a limited exposure with minimally invasive techniques may decrease the incidence of wound complications. However, this option is technically demanding and the quality of the reduction achieved may be more difficult to obtain and determine intraoperatively. Open fractures should be promptly debrided. The choice of fixation after reduction is based on the surgeons assessment of the soft tissue and the risk of infection.5) Post-traumatic arthritis of the subtalar joint is a common complication. Successful salvage can be achieved with a subtalar arthrodesis. However, these results may be influenced by the institution at which the initial management was rendered.

    View details for DOI 10.3113/FAI.2012.0079

    View details for Web of Science ID 000299500000013

    View details for PubMedID 22381241

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