Daniel A. Arber, M.D.

Publication Details

  • CD79: A review APPLIED IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR MORPHOLOGY Chu, P. G., Arber, D. A. 2001; 9 (2): 97-106

    Abstract:

    CD79 is composed of CD79a and CD79b components expressed almost exclusively on B cells and B-cell neoplasms. CD79a and CD79b expression precedes immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy-chain gene rearrangement and CD20 expression during B-cell ontogeny and disappears later than CD20 in the late (plasma cell) stage of B-cell differentiation. Therefore, antibodies to CD79a and CD79b are useful in the differential diagnosis of B-cell neoplasms from T-cell neoplasms or myeloid neoplasms, or L and H lymphocyte predominance Hodgkin's lymphoma from classic Hodgkin's lymphoma. In addition, CD79a and CD79b antibodies are useful markers in the diagnosis of precursor B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pre-B-ALL) because many of these tumors are negative for other B-cell markers, such as CD20 and CD45RA. Furthermore, for B-cell neoplasms, wherein CD20 expression is aberrantly lost, such as in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, or for B-cell neoplasms after CD20-antibody therapy, CD79a may be used as a first-line B-cell marker for the diagnosis. In this review, the authors discuss the molecular biology of CD79 and the frequency and usefulness of CD79 expression in these neoplasms.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000168915500001

    View details for PubMedID 11396639

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