Nicholas Giori MD, PhD

Publication Details

  • THE INFLUENCE OF FIXATION PEG DESIGN ON THE SHEAR STABILITY OF PROSTHETIC IMPLANTS JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH Giori, N. J., Beaupre, G. S., Carter, D. R. 1990; 8 (6): 892-898

    Abstract:

    The variety of fixation peg designs existing on prosthetic implants indicates uncertainty regarding the optimum design of fixation pegs for the reduction of stress and relative motion at the bone-implant interface. Fixation pegs have a number of important functions on a prosthesis, one of which is to reduce shear stress and shear displacement at the bone-implant interface. This is a parametric study intended to identify trends in the shear stability of prostheses incorporating a range of fixation peg designs. The parameters varied included the number of fixation pegs on a surface, the size of the pegs, and the aspect ratio (length/diameter) of the pegs. Mechanical tests were performed on urethane foam blocks with mechanical properties comparable to trabecular bone. The results indicated the following: (a) Fixation pegs act independently in resisting shearing force if they are spaced sufficiently far apart. (b) For any given shear displacement, smaller pegs generate a greater resistive shear force per unit of peg projected area in the direction of the applied load than larger pegs having the same aspect ratio. (c) Smaller diameter pegs cause the supporting material to yield at lower displacements. (d) Pegs with a high aspect ratio provide high shear stability with a minimum amount of bone removed, but may bend if the aspect ratio becomes excessive. (e) Smaller, slender pegs generate a greater resistive shear force at a given displacement per unit of peg volume than larger, lower aspect ratio pegs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

    View details for Web of Science ID A1990EF13000014

    View details for PubMedID 2213346

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