Sowmya Balasubramanian, MD MSc

Publication Details

  • Human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection protects against a Tc1-to-Tc2 shift in CD8(+) T cells HUMAN IMMUNOLOGY Gulzar, N., Diker, B., Balasubramanian, S., Jiang, J. Q., Copeland, K. F. 2011; 72 (11): 995-1000


    Despite the reports of dysfunction of the lytic abilities of CD8(+) T cells during human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) disease progression, the effects of infection on the noncytolytic functions of CD8(+) T cells have not been well characterized to date. We examined the effect of HIV-1 infection on the cytokine and chemokine responses of peripheral blood-derived CD8(+) T cells in an in vitro system. Activation of HIV-1-infected CD8(+) T cells with phytohemagglutinin resulted in a 4- to 8-fold increase in the production of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1?, MIP-1?, regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted, and interleukin (IL)-16. Treatment of activated HIV-1-infected CD8(+) T cells with anti-CD3 monoclonal (M) antibody (Ab) and IL-15 induced strong production of interferon-? (IFN-?). Treatment of cells with anti-IL-12 MAb and IL-4 to induce a Tc1-to-Tc2 shift resulted in no change in viral production levels or IFN-? production within the HIV-1-infected CD8(+) T cell population. Initiation of a Tc2-to-Tc1 shift resulted in a 6-fold increase in HIV-1 replication and 2- to 3-fold higher levels of IFN-?, demonstrating that infection can protect against a Tc1-to-Tc2 shift in CD8(+) T cells.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.humimm.2011.08.012

    View details for Web of Science ID 000296546100001

    View details for PubMedID 21920400

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