Ramin E. Beygui, M.D.

Publication Details

  • Mediastinal goiter: a comprehensive study of 60 consecutive cases with special emphasis on identifying predictors of malignancy and sternotomy AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY Hajhosseini, B., Montazeri, V., Hajhosseini, L., Nezami, N., Beygui, R. E. 2012; 203 (4): 442-447


    We describe the clinical characteristics of patients with mediastinal goiter and our principles in surgical management of this pathology; we also identify the predictive factors of malignancy, sternotomy, and posterior mediastinal extension.We conducted a retrospective chart review of 60 patients with mediastinal goiter who underwent surgical intervention.Major perioperative complications were recurrent laryngeal nerve sacrifice (3.3%) and vagus nerve sacrifice (1.7%). A total of 12.7% of cases were malignant. The presence of dysphonia increased the likelihood of malignancy (P = .02), and malignancy was associated with a significant increase in sternotomy (P = .04) and nerve sacrifice (P < .001) during surgery. A history of thyroidectomy was a predictive factor for extension of the tumor to the posterior mediastinum (P = .02).Presenting with dysphonia is a predictor of malignancy that necessitates careful surgical planning because malignancy is associated with an increase in nerve injury and sternotomy during surgery.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2011.03.010

    View details for Web of Science ID 000302913700006

    View details for PubMedID 21890099

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