David N. Cornfield

Publication Details

  • Pulmonary vascular response to normoxia and K-Ca channel activity is developmentally regulated AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LUNG CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY Rhodes, M. T., Porter, V. A., Saqueton, C. B., Herron, J. M., Resnik, E. R., Cornfield, D. N. 2001; 280 (6): L1250-L1257

    Abstract:

    To address developmental regulation of pulmonary vascular O(2) sensing, we tested the hypotheses that 1) fetal but not adult pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) can directly sense an acute increase in O(2), 2) Ca2+-sensitive K(+) (K(Ca)) channel activity decreases with maturation, and 3) PASMC K(Ca) channel expression decreases with maturation. We used fluorescence microscopy to confirm that fetal but not adult PASMCs are able to sense an acute increase in O(2) tension. Acute normoxia induced a 22 +/- 2% decrease in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) in fetal PASMCs and no change in ([Ca2+](i)) in adult PASMCs (P < 0.01). The effects of K(+) channel antagonists were studied on fetal and adult PASMC ([Ca2+](i)). Iberiotoxin (10(-9) M) caused PASMC ([Ca2+](i)) to increase by 694 +/- 22% in the fetus and caused no change in adult PASMCs. K(Ca) channel expression and mRNA levels in distal pulmonary arteries from fetal and adult sheep were examined. Both K(Ca) channel protein and mRNA expression in the distal pulmonary vasculature decreased with maturation. We conclude that maturation-dependent changes in PASMC O(2) sensing render the fetal PASMCs uniquely sensitive to an acute increase in O(2) tension at a biologically critical time point.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000168621700021

    View details for PubMedID 11350805

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