Matt van de Rijn

Publication Details

  • SMURF1 Amplification Promotes Invasiveness in Pancreatic Cancer PLOS ONE Kwei, K. A., Shain, A. H., Bair, R., Montgomery, K., Karikari, C. A., van de Rijn, M., Hidalgo, M., Maitra, A., Bashyam, M. D., Pollack, J. R. 2011; 6 (8)

    Abstract:

    Pancreatic cancer is a deadly disease, and new therapeutic targets are urgently needed. We previously identified DNA amplification at 7q21-q22 in pancreatic cancer cell lines. Now, by high-resolution genomic profiling of human pancreatic cancer cell lines and human tumors (engrafted in immunodeficient mice to enrich the cancer epithelial fraction), we define a 325 Kb minimal amplicon spanning SMURF1, an E3 ubiquitin ligase and known negative regulator of transforming growth factor ? (TGF?) growth inhibitory signaling. SMURF1 amplification was confirmed in primary human pancreatic cancers by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), where 4 of 95 cases (4.2%) exhibited amplification. By RNA interference (RNAi), knockdown of SMURF1 in a human pancreatic cancer line with focal amplification (AsPC-1) did not alter cell growth, but led to reduced cell invasion and anchorage-independent growth. Interestingly, this effect was not mediated through altered TGF? signaling, assayed by transcriptional reporter. Finally, overexpression of SMURF1 (but not a catalytic mutant) led to loss of contact inhibition in NIH-3T3 mouse embryo fibroblast cells. Together, these findings identify SMURF1 as an amplified oncogene driving multiple tumorigenic phenotypes in pancreatic cancer, and provide a new druggable target for molecularly directed therapy.

    View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0023924

    View details for Web of Science ID 000294251800040

    View details for PubMedID 21887346

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