Paul Utz

Publication Details

  • CpG and Non-CpG Oligodeoxynucleotides Directly Costimulate Mouse and Human CD4(+) T Cells through a TLR9-and MyD88-Independent Mechanism JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY Landrigan, A., Wong, M. T., Utz, P. J. 2011; 187 (6): 3033-3043


    TLR ligands are known to activate APCs, but direct T cell responsiveness to TLR ligands is controversial. Because of their clinical relevance, we performed in-depth studies of the effects of the TLR9-associated ligands, oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), on highly purified T lymphocytes. Both CpG and non-CpG ODNs directly costimulate mouse and human CD4(+) T cells, resulting in activation marker upregulation, cytokine secretion, elevated TCR phosphorylation, and proliferation. Surprisingly, ODN costimulation occurred independently of TLR9 and MyD88, as well as ICOS, CD28, and TRIF. TLR9-antagonist ODNs likewise promoted T cell activation, which has important implications for the study of these "inhibitory" ODNs in inflammatory diseases. Cytokine profiling revealed that ODNs promote polarization of distinct Th subsets, and that ODNs differentially affect human naive and memory T cells. Our studies reveal a striking and unexpected ability of ODNs to directly activate and polarize T cells, presenting an opportunity to enhance the paradigm for selection of therapeutic ODNs in humans.

    View details for DOI 10.4049/jimmunol.1003414

    View details for Web of Science ID 000295034200022

    View details for PubMedID 21844387

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