Joy Wu

Publication Details

  • G(s)alpha enhances commitment of mesenchymal progenitors to the osteoblast lineage but restrains osteoblast differentiation in mice JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION Wu, J. Y., Aarnisalo, P., Bastepe, M., Sinha, P., Fulzele, K., Selig, M. K., Chen, M., Poulton, I. J., Purton, L. E., Sims, N. A., Weinstein, L. S., Kronenberg, H. M. 2011; 121 (9): 3492-3504

    Abstract:

    The heterotrimeric G protein subunit Gs? stimulates cAMP-dependent signaling downstream of G protein-coupled receptors. In this study, we set out to determine the role of Gs? signaling in cells of the early osteoblast lineage in vivo by conditionally deleting Gs? from osterix-expressing cells. This led to severe osteoporosis with fractures at birth, a phenotype that was found to be the consequence of impaired bone formation rather than increased resorption. Osteoblast number was markedly decreased and osteogenic differentiation was accelerated, resulting in the formation of woven bone. Rapid differentiation of mature osteoblasts into matrix-embedded osteocytes likely contributed to depletion of the osteoblast pool. In addition, the number of committed osteoblast progenitors was diminished in both bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and calvarial cells of mutant mice. In the absence of Gs?, expression of sclerostin and dickkopf1 (Dkk1), inhibitors of canonical Wnt signaling, was markedly increased; this was accompanied by reduced Wnt signaling in the osteoblast lineage. In summary, we have shown that Gs? regulates bone formation by at least two distinct mechanisms: facilitating the commitment of mesenchymal progenitors to the osteoblast lineage in association with enhanced Wnt signaling; and restraining the differentiation of committed osteoblasts to enable production of bone of optimal mass, quality, and strength.

    View details for DOI 10.1172/JCI46406

    View details for Web of Science ID 000294753700017

    View details for PubMedID 21804192

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