Jose G. Montoya

Publication Details

  • Diagnostic Approach to Ocular Toxoplasmosis OCULAR IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION Garweg, J. G., de Groot-Mijnes, J. D., Montoya, J. G. 2011; 19 (4): 255-261


    Toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis is deemed a local event, which may fail to evoke a detectable systemic immune response. A correct diagnosis of the disease is a necessary basis for estimating its clinical burden. This is not so difficult in a typical clinical picture. In atypical cases, further diagnostic efforts are to be installed. Although the aqueous humor may be analyzed for specific antibodies or the presence of parasitic DNA, the DNA burden therein is low, and in rare instances a confirmation would necessitate vitreous sampling. A laboratory confirmation of the diagnosis is frustrated by individual differences in the time elapsing between clinical symptoms and activation of specific antibody production, which may result in false negatives. In congenital ocular toxoplasmosis, a delay in the onset of specific local antibody production could reflect immune tolerance. Herein, the authors attempt to provide a simple and practicable algorithm for a clinically tailored diagnostic approach in atypical instances.

    View details for DOI 10.3109/09273948.2011.595872

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292915300008

    View details for PubMedID 21770803

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