Michael Wei, MD, PhD

Publication Details

  • Proapoptotic BAX and BAK: A requisite gateway to mitochondrial dysfunction and death SCIENCE Wei, M. C., Zong, W. X., Cheng, E. H., LINDSTEN, T., Panoutsakopoulou, V., Ross, A. J., Roth, K. A., MacCregor, G. R., Thompson, C. B., Korsmeyer, S. J. 2001; 292 (5517): 727-730


    Multiple death signals influence mitochondria during apoptosis, yet the critical initiating event for mitochondrial dysfunction in vivo has been unclear. tBID, the caspase-activated form of a "BH3-domain-only" BCL-2 family member, triggers the homooligomerization of "multidomain" conserved proapoptotic family members BAK or BAX, resulting in the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. We find that cells lacking both Bax and Bak, but not cells lacking only one of these components, are completely resistant to tBID-induced cytochrome c release and apoptosis. Moreover, doubly deficient cells are resistant to multiple apoptotic stimuli that act through disruption of mitochondrial function: staurosporine, ultraviolet radiation, growth factor deprivation, etoposide, and the endoplasmic reticulum stress stimuli thapsigargin and tunicamycin. Thus, activation of a "multidomain" proapoptotic member, BAX or BAK, appears to be an essential gateway to mitochondrial dysfunction required for cell death in response to diverse stimuli.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000168478300051

    View details for PubMedID 11326099

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