Matthew P White

Publication Details

  • Open-Label Trial of Aripiprazole in the Treatment of Trichotillomania JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY White, M. P., Koran, L. M. 2011; 31 (4): 503-506

    Abstract:

    Serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been disappointing in the treatment of trichotillomania (TTM). Recent evidence suggests that medications that modulate dopamine may be helpful in this disorder.To determine if the D2 partial agonist aripiprazole would be effective in the treatment of TTM.Twelve subjects participated in an 8-week, open-label, flexible-dose study of aripiprazole treatment of TTM. Primary end points were reduction in the Massachusetts General Hospital Hair Pulling Scale (MGHHPS) and MGHHPS Actual Pulling Subscale (MGHHPS-APS). Secondary end points were the Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Hamilton Depression Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety Inventory.Eleven of 12 subjects had 2 or more assessments; one subject dropped out during the first week. For subjects with 2 or more assessments, there was a significant mean reduction in both primary end points, the MGHHPS score (mean change, 7.8; SD, ± 7.8; P ? 0.01) and the MGHHPS-APS score (mean change, 3.9; SD, ± 4.1; P ? 0.02). Seven subjects had a greater than 50% reduction in MGHHPS; 7 subjects had an exit Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement Scale of 2 or lower, and 5 participants had absolute exit scores of 3 or lower on the MGHHPS and 1 or lower on the MGHHPS-APS. There were no significant changes in mood-related secondary end points. The mean aripiprazole dose for all completers (N = 11) was 7.5 mg/d (± 3.4 mg/d).This small open-label study suggests that aripiprazole is a promising treatment for the treatment of trichotillomania. Larger double-blind, placebo-controlled studies are needed to follow up on these findings.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/JCP.0b013e318221b1ba

    View details for Web of Science ID 000292284600015

    View details for PubMedID 21694623

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