Mark Holodniy

Publication Details

  • Use of dried clinical samples for storing and detecting influenza RNA INFLUENZA AND OTHER RESPIRATORY VIRUSES Winters, M., Lloyd, R., Shahidi, A., Brown, S., Holodniy, M. 2011; 5 (6): 413-417


    Most clinical samples collected for diagnostic influenza testing and monitoring require refrigerated or frozen storage or shipment, which imparts logistic and cost burdens. The ability to store and ship dried clinical specimens under ambient conditions for influenza testing would significantly reduce costs and protect samples from improper storage or equipment failure, especially in remote or resource-limited areas.To evaluate the collection and storage of dried clinical samples on a transport matrix (ViveST™, ST) for influenza RNA testing by real-time reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR).Viral transport medium from swab or sputum samples was applied to ST, dried, and stored under ambient conditions from 2 days to 6 months. Additional aliquots of samples were frozen. Testing of frozen and ST-stored samples was performed using the WHO/CDC real-time influenza A (H1N1) RT-PCR protocol and compared to the Luminex xTAG RVP assay.ST-stored samples yielded slightly higher threshold cycle values (median 2·54 cycles) compared to frozen samples tested in parallel. This difference was consistent regardless of viral input. There was no significant difference in signal recovery between samples stored for 1 week versus samples stored for 3 weeks, or from three samples stored for 6 months. Qualitatively, clinical specimens stored on ST were 100% concordant (36/36) with frozen samples for detecting the presence of influenza A RNA.ST-processed dried specimens produced similar rates of seasonal or novel 2009 HIN1 influenza RNA detection compared to conventional sample processing and thus presents a viable alternative to refrigerated or frozen samples.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2011.00253.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000296080300009

    View details for PubMedID 21668673

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