Jinah Kim

Publication Details

  • Identification of Nodal Metastases in Melanoma Using Sox-10 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOPATHOLOGY Jennings, C., Kim, J. 2011; 33 (5): 474-482


    The presence of S100-positive dendritic cells hinders the identification of isolated melanoma tumor cells and micrometastases in sentinel lymph nodes. Sox-10, a transcription factor that plays an important role in schwannian and melanocytic cell development, is not expressed in dendritic cells. We investigated the diagnostic utility of Sox-10 in the identification of metastases in sentinel and nonsentinel lymph nodes for melanoma. We examined the expression pattern of Sox-10, as compared with S100, Melan-A, and HMB-45 in 93 lymph nodes (40 originally reported as positive and 53 originally reported as negative for metastasis) from 33 sentinel lymph node biopsies and regional lymphadenectomies. Sox-10 and S100 both highlighted metastases in 43 of 43 (100%) positive lymph nodes identified in this study; however, Sox-10 immunohistochemical staining significantly improved the detection of nodal metastases. The nuclear staining of Sox-10 promoted improved distinction between heavily pigmented melanophages and melanocytic metastases in 3 positive lymph nodes. In 2 lymph nodes, Sox-10 was critical in distinguishing S100-positive atypical nodal dendritic cells from tumor cells. Also, Sox-10 significantly improved the identification of micrometastases and isolated tumor cells as compared with S100 in 10 positive lymph nodes. Most importantly, Sox-10 identified micrometastases in 2 lymph nodes, originally reported as negative on S100, Melan-A, and HMB-45 immunostains. Therefore, Sox-10 is a comparable marker to S100 in identifying nodal metastases in melanoma and is especially useful in the setting of lymph nodes with heavily pigmented metastases, numerous S100-positive nodal dendritic cells, micrometastases, and isolated tumor cells.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/DAD.0b013e3182042893

    View details for Web of Science ID 000291925800007

    View details for PubMedID 21552103

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