Gary Schoolnik

Publication Details

  • [Risk factors for acute infantile diarrhea in a rural community in Chiapas, Mexico. A strategy for intervention]. Boletín de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana. Pan American Sanitary Bureau Riley, L. W., Castro Muñoz, E., Zárate, R. J., SIBLEY, B., Keller, J., Zárate, L. G., Millán Velasco, F., SCHOOLNIK, G. K. 1990; 108 (2): 93-99


    A community-based, case-control study was conducted during the summer peak season for diarrhea in the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico, to identify risk and protective factors associated with acute diarrhea in children less than 6 years of age. To estimate the diarrheal morbidity rate, the community was divided into 13 sectors, each of about 20 households. A resident (volunteer mother) made daily visits to every household in her sector to identify new cases of diarrhea. During 3 weeks of surveillance, 63 children with diarrhea and 48 control children were identified. The diarrheal attack rate during this period for children less than 6 years of age was 30%. Analysis of 29 neighborhood-matched case-control pairs showed that children with diarrhea were more likely than their controls to have had a mother with diarrhea in the 2 weeks preceding the onset of the child's diarrhea (P less than 0.05; relative risk = 10). The association of childhood diarrhea with maternal diarrhea may serve as a focus for more detailed studies as well as an intervention that may be appropriate and effective for this community.

    View details for PubMedID 2139786

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