Wei Zhou

Publication Details

  • Matrix metalloproteinases modulated by protein kinase C epsilon mediate resistin-induced migration of human coronary artery smooth muscle cells JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY Ding, Q., Chai, H., Mahmood, N., Tsao, J., Mochly-Rosen, D., Zhou, W. 2011; 53 (4): 1044-1051

    Abstract:

    Emerging evidence showed that resistin induces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration, a critical step in initiating vascular restenosis. Adhesion molecule expression and cytoskeletal rearrangement have been observed in this progress. Given that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) also regulate cell migration, we hypothesized that MMPs may mediate resistin-induced VSMC migration.Human VSMCs were treated with recombinant human resistin at physiologic (10 ng/mL) and pathologic (40 ng/mL) concentrations for 24 hours. Cell migration was determined by the Boyden chamber assay. MMP and tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase (TIMP) mRNA and protein levels were measured with real-time PCR and ELISA. MMP enzymatic activity was measured by zymography. In another experiment, neutralizing antibodies against MMP-2 and MMP-9 were coincubated with resistin in cultured VSMCs. The regulation of MMP by protein kinase C (PKC) was determined by ?V1-2, a selective PKC? inhibitor.Resistin-induced smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration was confirmed by the Boyden chamber assay. Forty nanograms/milliliter resistin increased SMC migration by 3.7 fold. Additionally, resistin stimulated MMP-2 and -MMP9 mRNA and protein expressions. In contrast, the TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNA levels were inhibited by resistin. Neutralizing antibodies against MMP-2 and MMP-9 effectively reversed VSMC migration. Furthermore, resistin activated PKC?, but selective PKC? inhibitor suppressed resistin-induced MMP expression, activity, and cell migration.Our study confirmed that resistin increased vascular smooth muscle cell migration in vitro. In terms of mechanism, resistin-stimulated cell migration was associated with increased MMP expression, which was dependent on PKC? activation.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jvs.2010.10.117

    View details for Web of Science ID 000289012600023

    View details for PubMedID 21277149

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