David Weill

Publication Details

  • Lung function, radiological changes and exposure: analysis of ATSDR data from Libby, MT, USA EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL Weill, D., Dhillon, G., Freyder, L., Lefante, J., Glindmeyer, H. 2011; 38 (2): 376-383

    Abstract:

    In 2000, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR; Atlanta, GA, USA) investigated lung disease in those exposed to the tremolite-contaminated vermiculite mine in Libby, MT, USA. Previously unreported spirometric results are presented here in relation to exposure and radiographic findings. 4,524 study participants were assigned to one of seven mutually exclusive exposure categories. Associations among radiographic findings, spirometric results and exposure were investigated, along with the effect of a reduction in exposure potential when production was moved to a wet process mill in the mid 1970s. Spirometry data for the total population by smoking status and age were within the normal range. Prevalence of pleural plaque increased with age, but was lowest in the environmentally exposed group (0.42-12.74%) and greatest in the W.R. Grace & Co. mineworkers (20-45.68%). For males, there was a significant (4.5%) effect of pleural plaques on forced vital capacity. For W.R. Grace & Co. workers and household contacts, a reduction in plaque (0.11 versus 1.64%) and in diffuse pleural thickening or costophrenic angle obliteration (1.94 and 0.13%) was noted for those exposed after 1976. These analyses do not support a clinically important reduction in spirometry of this cohort. The 1976 reductions in exposure have led to decrease in radiographic changes.

    View details for DOI 10.1183/09031936.00050210

    View details for Web of Science ID 000293280400021

    View details for PubMedID 21177846

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