Geoffrey Gurtner

Publication Details

  • Akt-mediated mechanotransduction in murine fibroblasts during hypertrophic scar formation WOUND REPAIR AND REGENERATION Paterno, J., Vial, I. N., Wong, V. W., Rustad, K. C., Sorkin, M., Shi, Y., Bhatt, K. A., Thangarajah, H., Glotzbach, J. P., Gurtner, G. C. 2011; 19 (1): 49-58

    Abstract:

    Although numerous factors are implicated in skin fibrosis, the exact pathophysiology of hypertrophic scarring remains unknown. We recently demonstrated that mechanical force initiates hypertrophic scar formation in a murine model, potentially enhancing cellular survival through Akt. Here, we specifically examined Akt-mediated mechanotransduction in fibroblasts using both strain culture systems and our murine scar model. In vitro, static strain increased fibroblast motility, an effect blocked by wortmannin (a phosphoinositide-3-kinase/Akt inhibitor). We also demonstrated that high-frequency cyclic strain was more effective at inducing Akt phosphorylation than low frequency or static strain. In vivo, Akt phosphorylation was induced by mechanical loading of dermal fibroblasts in both unwounded and wounded murine skin. Mechanically loaded scars also exhibited strong expression of ?-smooth muscle actin, a putative marker of pathologic scar formation. In vivo inhibition of Akt increased apoptosis but did not significantly abrogate hypertrophic scar development. These data suggest that although Akt signaling is activated in fibroblasts during mechanical loading of skin, this is not the critical pathway in hypertrophic scar formation. Future studies are needed to fully elucidate the critical mechanotransduction components and pathways which activate skin fibrosis.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2010.00643.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000286214600032

    View details for PubMedID 21134033

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