Male Reproductive Medicine and Surgery Program



Low testosterone, or hypogonadism, results from inadequate testosterone levels in men. It is estimated that nearly 40 percent of all men over the age of 45 are hypogonadal.

Testosterone is a key hormone in normal male function. Low levels can lead to decreased:

Diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis of hypogonadism relies on a careful assessment of patients symptoms as well as a physical examination and hormone testing.

The main forms of treatment are:

Each method has distinct advantages and disadvantages which our experts will discuss. Moreover, risks of testosterone therapy (including infertility, elevated red blood, prostate problems, cholesterol imbalance, breast tenderness) will be carefully discussed with all patients.

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