Oral Medicine & Maxillofacial Surgery

Procedures

Jaw Surgery/ Orthognathic Surgery

Jaw surgery or Orthognathic surgery is often performed to correct an improper bite and misaligned jaws, due to differences in growth rates in the upper vs lower jaw, injury, and birth defects. Although orthodontics can correct some bite problems for your teeth you may also require corrective jaw surgery. This will take considerable coordination from your orthodontist and Dr. Girod to plan that teeth will fit correctly after surgery. Symptoms that should be evaluated at the time of consultation are:

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See a presentation about jaw surgery

Jaw Surgery

This type of surgery can enhance a persons appearance dramatically, but its main purpose is to correct a persons functional problems. This process will take commitment from both the patient and orthodontist as it is a lengthy process. With the help of your Primary Care    Physician or   Orthodontist we will be able to determine if this procedure is right for you.

 

Case Studies of Corrective Jaw Surgeries

Major Bone Grafting

 

Major Bone Grafting can be described as taking a portion of bone from the donor site to another site. Bone grafting is typically done to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance. Bone grafts can be needed for any of the following reasons: after tooth extractions, traumatic injury, tumor surgery, or congential defect where the surrounding jawbone atrophies or is reabsorbed leaving poor quality and quantity of bone. Bone is usually obtained from the skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), or lateral knee (tibia). Cadaver bone can also be used in what is called xenografts.

Facial Trauma

Facial Trauma can involve:

Soft tissue injuries and lacerations can be treated with the use of sutures to correctly repair the site with the best cosmetic result. Fractures may require wiring of the jaws or plate placement. With the help of Dr. Girod you can decide on how to proceed.

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Sleep Apnea Surgery

Sleep Apnea is a potentially life threatening condition, if undiagnosed it has been shown to cause heartaches, strokes, irregular heart beats, high blood pressure, heart disease and decreased libido. Since these patients are not getting a restful nights sleep they are drowsy during the day this can cause accidents, and decreased productivity. Sleep apnea most commonly occurs when the tongue is sucked against the back of the throat, blocking airflow and limiting oxygen levels, this can also be caused by excess tissue, large tonsils, and collapsed airway muscles. Patients that suffer from sleep apnea often complain of difficulty breathing, loss of concentration, and in some cases have even reported feelings of depression. Today we can offer many surgical solutions to help unblock your airway including repositioning of the upper and lower jaws. Patients that exhibit these symptoms should be evaluated by sleep clinic and then once diagnosed will be referred for surgery. To determine if this surgery is right for your please contact our office and let us help you.

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Oral Pathology (Cysts and Lesions)

The average adult mouth is smooth and pink in color, any alteration of color or texture can be an indication of a pathological process. Indicators can include:

Although these are common indicators do not ignore suspicious growths or lesions that are not listed above.It is possible for the cyst to grow which then hollows out the jaw bone causing it to fracture easily and may even damage adjacent nerves and teeth. Lesions or cysts are not commonly associated with pain or discomfort and can be found in or around the lip, cheek, palate and gum tissue areas. Although rare, if a cyst is left untreated in could develop into a tumor which then requires a more invasive procedure to remove. The most serious of these is oral cancer. For this reason we highly recommend you do not disregard these warning signs and make an appointment to be seen at your earliest convenience.

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