Neurological Spine Disorders

Spondylolisthesis

What is spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis?

Spondylolysis is a defect or fracture of part of the vertebral bones called the pars interarticularis. It usually occurs in the fifth lumbar vertebra and, less commonly, in the fourth lumbar vertebra. Spondylisthesis is a slippage of one vertebral body on top of another.

What causes spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis?

Spondylolysis can be attributed to a number of factors, including genetics, overuse activities (particularly those with hyperextension involvement such as football and gymnastics), and previous surgery.

Spondylolisthesis occurs when there is weakening of the restraining structures of the spine. This can be due to spondylolysis, congenital factors, degeneration of the spine, trauma, and cancer.

What are the symptoms of spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis?

Most people with spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis are asymptomatic and are unaware they have the condition. When symptoms are present, however, they may include:

How is spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis diagnosed?

In addition to a complete history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis may include the following:

Treatment for spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis

Specific treatment for sciatica will be determined by your physician based on:

Spondylolysis / spondylolisthesis symptoms usually improve with rest and time. To help relieve the pain, treatment may include:

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