Aortic Valve Surgery

What is Aortic Valve Surgery?
Aortic valve surgery is surgery to repair or replace an aortic valve that isn't working correctly. The aortic valve lets blood flow from the left lower chamber of the heart (left ventricle) to the aorta, which is the body's main blood vessel. The aorta distributes blood throughout the body.

When Do Aortic Valves Need to be Repaired or Replaced?
Aortic valves help pump blood out of the heart to the rest of the body. In a person with aortic valve disease, the aortic valve has a malfunction:

Aortic valves can have regurgitation and stenosis at the same time.

When heart valves fail to open and close properly, the heart can become damaged. Heart valve problems are one cause of heart failure.

How can Aortic Valves be Repaired?
Aortic valves can be repaired through a surgery called valve-sparing aortic root replacement, also know as the David Procedure. Aortic root replacement may be an option for patients who have a condition called bicuspid aortic valve disease, an aortic aneurysm or other conditions that result in regurgitation. In aortic root replacement, only the diseased part of the aortic root is replaced. The aortic valve is left intact.

What are the Types of Aortic Valve Replacement?

  1. Aortic valve replacement with an aortic valve from a human donor or made from animal tissue.
  2. Aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve made of metal, plastic, and/or pyrolytic carbon. Mechanical valves are very durable.

Learn more about Valvular Heart Disease.

Learn more about surgical treatments for Aortic Disease.

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