Surgical Treatments

If the patient is not a candidate for interventional cardiology procedures, then Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting may be indicated:

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Transmyocardial Revascularization (TMR)

Transmyocardial revascularization or TMR is a procedure used to relieve severe angina or chest pain in very ill patients who aren't candidates for bypass surgery or angioplasty.

How is it done?

In this procedure, a surgeon makes an incision on the left breast to expose the heart. Then, using a laser, the surgeon drills a series of holes from the outside of the heart into the heart's pumping chamber.

How does it work?

Stanford Medicine Resources:

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